EMUNI Annual Conference 2016
MERID regional event
MIGRATION, DIASPORA AND BRAIN CIRCULATION – DRIVERS FOR EU-MEDITERRANEAN COOPERATION IN SCIENCE, TECHNOLOGY AND INNOVATION
12 May 2016
ESADE Business & Law School
CONFERENCE Report & RECOMMENDATIONS
The Euro-Mediterranean University (EMUNI) organised its annual conference and a regional event along the MERID project on Thursday May 12th 2016. The event was organised in collaboration with ESADEgeo – Centre for Global Economy and Geopolitics – at The ESADE Business and Law School in Barcelona, Spain.
Along two keynote speeches and three dedicated panels, the conference addressed the current pressing issues facing the region, with particular focus on Migration, the refugees’ crisis in the Mediterranean and Middle East regions, Brain Circulation and the constructive use of Mediterranean and Middle East diaspora as drivers for cooperation, trust-building and intercultural understanding between the EU and the Mediterranean neighbours.
A regional event of the MERID project, a coordination and support action funded by the EU’s Horizon 2020 Research and Innovation Programme, was conducted within the conference, focusing on the societal challenges of Water and Energy and addressing the potential for cooperation in these thematic fields. On Friday May 13th, a roundtable discussion along the MERID project tackled identification and overcoming the remaining obstacles for cooperation in Research and Innovation between the EU and the Middle East countries.
The conference was attended by around 130 participants from 29 countries. 28 eminent Speakers and Panellists from 24 countries and international organisations participated in the event. Along the conference, the meetings of the EMUNI Management Board, Senate and General Assembly were also held.
The Welcome notes were delivered by Jonathan Wareham, Dean of Faculty and Research of ESADE Business & Law School, Spain, Abdelhamid El-Zoheiry, President of the Euro-Mediterranean University, Slovenia, Ilan Chet, Deputy Secretary General of the Union for the Mediterranean, Cristina Maria Russo, Director for International Cooperation, DG Research and Innovation at the European Commission and Tom Mc Grath, European External Action Service.
HE Javier Solana, President of ESADEgeo and former EU’s High Representative for Foreign and Security Policy delivered a Key-note Opening speech. Mr Solana highlighted the role of Science Diplomacy in mediation of political conflicts, exhibiting cases and examples from his rich experience and political engagement in the region.
Another keynote, setting the scene, was given by Refaat Chaabouni, former Minister of Higher Education and Research in Tunisia, who underscored the role of Innovation in EU-Mediterranean cooperation and the important role of diaspora in establishing a true partnership between people of the region.
The conference panels were quite animated, featuring lively interventions by the panellists and interactive discussions with the audience.
PANEL I: MIGRATION AND DIASPORA: IMPLICATIONS FOR REGIONAL SCIENCE AND INNOVATION
12 May 2016 (11h00 – 12h45)
Moderator: Hanan Dowidar, Vice-president of Forum for Euro-Mediterranean Innovation in Action (FEMIA), France
Angela Liberatore, Head of Unit, Social Sciences and Humanities, ERC Executive Agency, European Commission
Claudio Bogliotti, Head of Unit – EU Research Policy and Planning, CIHEAM-Bari, Italy
Hatem Atallah, Executive Director of the Anna Lindh Foundation
Octavi Quintana-Trias, European Commission, DG for Research and Innovation, Principal Adviser on Migration, European Commission
Rami Ayoubi, Member of the International Development Team, Cardiff Met University, UK and Director of National Erasmus+ Office in Syria
The panel focused on discussing the challenges and opportunities for Euro-Mediterranean regional cooperation offered by Migration. In particular panellists focused on the role of Diaspora and their effect on fostering the cooperation in Science and Innovation. The distinguished group of speakers, with diverse extensive experiences, shared with the audience their organisation’s initiatives with regard to how functional cooperation in various fields of science at Euro-Mediterranean or sub-regional levels could be further enhanced.
The discussion specifically addressed the following topics:
Migration as a complex phenomenon
Speakers tackled the complexity of the migration process, its reasons, and patterns and how to limit it from different perspectives. It was underlined that Migration is a complex phenomenon requiring policy responses based on facts, figures and scientific evidence. In addition to political conflicts, environmental challenges caused by climate change and economic challenges are key to driving mass migration. South-South migration was also addressed. The fact that science and innovation in the south countries are the biggest losers in the current migration crisis was stressed, since most of the migrants or refugees are young, in the age when they are supposed to be involved in education and research in their home countries.
Intercultural dialogue for building cohesive societies
The Panellists reiterated that migration offers opportunities that should be explored, stressing on the importance of avoiding misconceptions, reversing the negative connotation the word migration implies and avoiding the associated use of negative vocabulary, eg. “refugee crisis”. The role of International organisations like the Anna Lindh Foundation and EMUNI in nurturing intercultural dialogue was emphasized. The importance of communication and speaking different languages was underlined, therefore translation initiatives are important to further intercultural dialogue and support migrants’ integration in their new communities. It was underlined that the future successful cities are those which are multicultural.
Investing in education and youth for building a better future
The Speakers as well as distinguished participations highlighted the importance of investing in education and building the capacity of young people to prepare them for confronting future challenges. Since Education necessitates long-term investments, accordingly focus on education needs to start immediately.
Panel II: ENERGY AND WATER: KEY SOCIETAL CHALLENGES AND KEY OPPORTUNITIES FOR COOPERATION IN SCIENCE, TECHNOLOGY AND INNOVATION
12 May 2016 (14h00 – 15h45)
Moderator: Angel Saz-Carranza, ESADE Business & Law School
Ayman Rabi, Executive Director of Palestinian Hydrology Group, Palestine
Ebrahim Asl-Soleimani, Professor in Electrical and computer engineering, University of Teheran, Iran
Lucila Candela Lledó, Technical University of Catalonia (UPC), Spain
Muhammad Shatanawi, Professor of Water Resources and UNESCO Chair on Water, Jordan
Nesreen Ghaddar, Qatar Chair of Energy Studies at the American University of Beirut, Lebanon
Saadi Kadhim Al-Naseri, Director of Water Research Centre, MoST, Iraq
The Panel featured sturdy technical discussions by eminent experts in their fields, yielding detailed specific conclusions and recommendations, deserving a special annex (attached).
Three main tracks were tackled under this panel:
Science in public policy
Adapting technology to capacity and local context
Input from NGO’s
PANEL III: BRAIN CIRCULATION AND DIASPORA: IMPLICATIONS FOR SCIENCE, TECHNOLOGY AND INNOVATION COOPERATION
12 May 2016 (16h15 – 18h00)
Moderator: Abdelhamid El-Zoheiry, President, Euro-Mediterranean University
Angelo Riccaboni, Rector of the University of Sienna, Italy
Mouin Hamze, Secretary General of the National Council for Research and Science, Lebanon
Rym Ayadi, President of the Euro-Mediterranean Economists Association, Spain
Sultan Abu Orabi, Secretary General of the Association of Arab Universities, Jordan
Tanveer Kausar Naim, Ministerial Standing Committee on Scientific and Technological Cooperation of the OIC
Mohammad Hosseini Moghadam, Manager of Planning Office, Iran’s National Elites Foundation
The Panel deliberated quite interactively with the audience on the important role of brain circulation as a driver for EU-Mediterranean and EU-Middle East cooperation and the use of diaspora as catalysts for this cooperation. The engagement of the different stakeholders was explored, including the Universities, the higher education associations and networks, the policy makers, the NGOs, the private sector and the individual diaspora. Several best practices and success stories were highlighted by the panellists and the audience, including initiatives addressing reversal of brain drain or attaining brain circulation. Existing programmes, like UNDP’s TOKTEN (Transfer of Knowledge through Ex-Patriate Networks) and the EU’s ERA Chairs were highlighted.
The panel debated the role of the governments, policy makers and legislators and whether the issue of brain circulation should be addressed top-down or bottom-up. The importance of establishing a conducive and productive environment for diaspora to enable them to return or cooperate with their countries of origin was underlined. Actions supporting brain circulation in government policies and multi-government funding initiatives were advocated by some panellists, as well as linking brain circulation to big global initiatives like the UN’s Agenda 2030 and the Sustainable Development Goals (SDG’s). Other proposals included better mapping of diaspora and brain circulation initiatives, providing incentives to encourage diaspora to return or engage in cooperation with their home countries and establishing synergies between national programmes for brain circulation. Two proposals of particular interest were raised by interventions from the audience, namely capitalising on young diaspora and entrepreneurial diaspora.
Towards the end of the exciting and intriguing panel, some concrete proposals were formulated, including developing a regional comprehensive programme for supporting diaspora of Mediterranean and Middle East origins to engage in constructive cooperation with their countries of origin.
Mapping patterns of mobility and migration flows, in order to better understand the complexities of migration and address its root causes and consequences
Organising specialised meetings and events on migration, by EMUNI and other international organisation, with specific topical focus, with the aim of providing arguments and evidence to influence the policy debate
Supporting translation initiatives to further intercultural dialogue and support migrants’ integration to new communities. The role of international organisation like the Anna Lindh Foundation and EMUNI was emphasized
Youth education and capacity building and developing infrastructure are, on the long-term, the most effective measures to manage migration and limit its detrimental effects, particularly on the sending countries
Raising awareness on the importance and added value of brain circulation to both the EU and the Mediterranean/Middle East countries. This could be conducted by organisations active in the region as EMUNI and CIHEAM
Integrating brain circulation and reversing brain drain in policy making, through raising awareness and building capacity of policy makers, in the EU and the Mediterranean and Middle East regions
Embracing actions to support mobility of diaspora and cooperation with their countries of origin in multi-government organisations’ funding initiatives, eg. the EU’s H2020 programme, the UN 2030 Agenda and bi-regional co-funding programmes like PRIMA
Develop synergies between national and regional programmes supporting brain circulation in the south Mediterranean region and the Middle East
Mapping of best practices to reverse brain drain and support brain circulation (“win-win situations”) in other regions, as in south East Asia
Supporting particular groups of diaspora, contributing to enriching the cooperation, like young and entrepreneurial diaspora. In this regard, setting up a network by EMUNI for young and entrepreneurial diaspora was suggested.
Develop a co-funded programme for brain circulation capitalizing on the south Mediterranean Diaspora in Europe, including joint research activities, staff and students’ mobility, capacity building and infrastructure development, particularly in areas of common interest and mutual benefit.
* These are the recommendation of panels 1 & 3. Panel 2 report and recommendations are in a separate document